21 May What a healthy diet means, in a nut shell
What is a Healthy Diet?
The world is becoming more aware of the importance of paying attention to healthy nutrition, with the rise of diseases like cancer that have been traced to consuming too many processed foods. This new awareness now brings to mind, the question, what is a healthy diet ?
The idea of a balanced diet is born out of the need for proper nutrition and nutrition simply means the organic system of nourishing or being nourished, the process by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance.
What Foods Make Up a Healthy Diet?
According to World Health Organization a healthy diet should consist of the following Staples;
Cereals (wheat, barley, rye, maize or rice)
Starchy tubers or roots (potato, yam, taro or cassava)
Legumes (lentils and beans)
Fruit and vegetables
Foods from animal sources (meat, fish, eggs and milk)
A balance diet should contain all classes of food in the right proportions. Our dietary needs vary with the level of our physical daily activity or the humidity and temperature in your environment. However below are the basic food classes and the quantities of each that should be in a balanced diet. (This is based on daily intake of food.)
Carbohydrates 45 – 65%
Protein 10 – 35%
Fats 20 – 35%
There are several types of diets to pick from (e.g Ketogenic or keto, vegetarian and vegan diets among others) depending on ones health and fitness goals . However at the most basic level, a healthy diet should be balanced .
If one has a specific health challenge like diabetes, high blood pressure and some other ailments that require a strict diet then its better to see a dietician.
Fitness and weight loss diets will also require other combinations of food classes. Healthy nutrition should always be approached strategically to get the best results.