What You Should Know About Fibroid

What You Should Know About Fibroid

Fibroid is one of the major courses of infertility and miscarriages in women. it can also lead to complications in pregnancy. it is a none cancerous growth of abnormal tissue that is progressive or can keep increasing in size. Made of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue, it is usually referred to as uterine fibroid because it is found in the muscle layers of the womb or uterus.

One good point to note is that these tumors are not cancerous or do not have the potential to become cancer. A fibroid can be as small as a lime and in some cases as large as a water melon.

These tumors can start to grow during a woman’s reproductive years during which estrogen levels are higher. It is estimated that women in their 30s to 80s can experience fibroids.

Types of Fibroid

They are usually described based on their location -inside or outside of the uterus. 

  • Intramural fibroids: Are are very common, they appear within the muscular wall of the uterus. These types Intramural fibroids have the ability to grow really big and mimic actual pregnancy.
  • Subserosal fibroids: Forms on the outside of the uterus, they can grow large and make one              side of the womb appear bigger than the other.
  • Pedunculated ibroids: This is when subserosal tumors develops a stem, like a plant base that          supports the tumor.
  • Submucosal fibroids: This type of fibroid is not very common. In this case the tumors develops        in the middle muscle layer, or myometrium, of the uterus.

Causes of Fibroid

There are no clear reasons to why fibroids develop, however some factors may influence their growth and formation which include the following.

  • Hormones: Estrogen and progesterone are hormones produced by the ovaries. They cause            the uterine lining to regenerate during each menstrual cycle and may stimulate the growth of          fibroids.
  • Family history: If a member of one’s family e.g. Mother, sister, grandmother or other females          has a history of fibroids it is possible to develop same due to genetics.
  • Pregnancy: During pregnancy the production of estrogen and progesterone in the body is                high. Fibroids may develop and grow with the baby, during pregnancy.


Women from age 30 or above and those with high body weight are at higher risk. Regular medical checkups could  help  manage or prevent serious events of  fibroids,  it is easier to treat   when they are smaller and detected early.     

Treatments for Fibroid

Fibroid treatment usually involves use of medications or surgery here are some of the ways fibroids are managed. One also has to consider any future childbearing plans when trying to treat it as sometimes treatment may involve evacuating the womb.

Drugs that help the body produce less estrogen and progesterone which help to shrinks fibroids are usually administered. Most times medications are first given to treat fibroids in less complicated cases.
However  medication works temporarily to help reduce the size of the fibroid before surgery if the tumor is really large.

When fibroid is large or discomforting and does not respond to medication, surgery is considered. Doctors can recommend any of the following;

  • Hysterectomy: This is an operation that requires total or partial removal of the womb. When fibroid becomes very large and life threatening due to excessive bleeding this option is picked to avoid a reoccurrence of the problem. A surgeon can also remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes when necessary but this can lead to side effects like reduce libido and early menopause.
  • Myomectomy: This sort of surgery is done when the fibroid is located in the muscular wall of the womb. Since the Fibroid will be removed from the womb the women will still be able to have children. If the fibroid is too large this type of surgery may not help.
  • Endometrial ablation: This procedure involves removing the lining inside of the uterus. This method is less complicated compared to hysterectomy.
  • Uterine artery embolization (UAE), more specifically uterine fibroid embolization (UFE): This involves cutting off the blood supply to the area where fibroid is located. This helps to shrinks the fibroid. However it is not suitable for women who are pregnant, or intend to have more children.
  • MRI-guided percutaneous laser ablation; This is when an MRI scan is used to detect the exact location of the fibroids, so needles can be used to transport a laser fiber device through the skin into the body and the location of the fibroids to shrink it.
  • MRI-guided focused ultrasound surgery: Here an MRI scan is used to locate the fibroids. High energy ultrasound waves are then used to shrink them.
    Apart from drugs and medical procedures, there are natural ways of healing the body through wellness management, which also comes with no side effects.

Apart from drugs and medical procedures, there are natural ways of healing the body through wellness management, which also comes with no side effects.

1 Comment
  • Dalton Edmonds
    Posted at 14:16h, 08 October Reply

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